Which Workers Bear the Burden of Social Distancing Policies?
What are the characteristics of workers in jobs likely to be initially affected by broad social distancing and later by narrower policy tailored to jobs with low risk of disease transmission? We use O NET to construct a measure of the likelihood that jobs can be conducted from 上下棋牌 (a variant of Dingel and Neiman, 上下棋牌) and a measure of low physical proximity to others at work. We validate the measures by showing how they relate to similar measures constructed using time use data from ATUS. Our main finding is that workers in low-work-from-上下棋牌 or high-physical- proximity jobs are more economically vulnerable across various measures constructed from the CPS and PSID: they are less educated, of lower income, have fewer liquid assets relative to income, and are more likely renters. We further substantiate the measures with behavior during the epidemic. First, we show that MSAs with less pre-virus employment in work-from-上下棋牌 jobs experienced smaller declines in the incidence of `staying-at-上下棋牌', as measured using SafeGraph cell phone data. Second, we show that both occupations and types of workers predicted to be employed in low work-from-上下棋牌 jobs experienced greater declines in employment according to the March 上下棋牌 CPS. For example, non-college educated workers experienced a 4ppt larger decline in employment relative to those with a college degree.
Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w27085